top - 21:06:05 up 118 days, 19:07, 1 user, load average: 0.01, 0.02, 0.00 Tasks: 123 total, 1 running, 122 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie Cpu(s): 0.5%us, 0.2%sy, 0.0%ni, 99.3%id, 0.0%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.0%si, 0.0%st Mem: 1020224k total, 947560k used, 72664k free, 5692k buffers Swap: 2097144k total, 500732k used, 1596412k free, 65308k cached PID USER PR NI VIRT RES SHR S %CPU %MEM TIME+ SWAP COMMAND 29457 wildfly 20 0 3183m 438m 6152 S 0.3 44.0 41:27.36 355m java 19826 james 20 0 2725m 281m 6788 S 1.0 28.3 28:28.08 39m java ...
Memory usage tuning of Java8 on LinuxTweet
Posted on Thursday Feb 19, 2015 at 06:20PM in Technology
I have a WildFly and a Apache James server instance on Linux based VPS which have 1GB RAM. these days they allocates large swap area while they only used fewer than 1GB for actual memory consumption. performance is not bad for just serving without any administrative operations, but some operation tend to slow due to large swap size so I configured some to reduce swap size.
Configure JVM params
Set following JVM params to James:
-XX:ReservedCodeCacheSize=100m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=128m -XX:CompressedClassSpaceSize=128m
Set following to wildfly as well:
-XX:ReservedCodeCacheSize=100m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=256m -XX:CompressedClassSpaceSize=128m
These parameters reduced swap size as follows:
top - 19:33:09 up 119 days, 17:34, 3 users, load average: 0.41, 0.24, 0.10 Tasks: 130 total, 1 running, 129 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie Cpu(s): 0.3%us, 0.3%sy, 0.0%ni, 99.3%id, 0.0%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.0%si, 0.0%st Mem: 1020224k total, 924232k used, 95992k free, 8400k buffers Swap: 2097144k total, 407972k used, 1689172k free, 90320k cached PID USER PR NI VIRT RES SHR S %CPU %MEM TIME+ SWAP COMMAND 30181 wildfly 20 0 2141m 405m 6308 S 0.0 40.7 5:11.08 272m java 29949 james 20 0 1677m 249m 6720 S 0.7 25.0 5:52.41 46m java
UPDATE: Now swap size grown as almost before adding configuration so sadly now I’m not sure whether it works or not.
vm.swappiness defines how often the swap file is used. setting lower value means lower swap size but it doesn’t simply mean better performance. you can adjust it via executing following command to apply instantly:
sudo sysctl vm.swappiness=1
Add following definition to
/etc/sysctl.conf to set it as persistent one:
vm.swappiness = 1
Following discussions may be useful: